Greece is one of the richest countries in terms of biodiversity in Europe. It has an extended coastline of 15.000 km and more than 4.000 islands and islets of high natural and historical value. Its special morphology and mild climate have favoured a vast variety of terrestrial and marine ecosystems that host rare fauna and flora. Despite its unique natural value, the danger of environmental degradation and the drainage of marine resources due to rapid economic development is serious. The aim of our initiatives is to yield both environmental and social benefits. Local communities will be encouraged to attain long-term environmental goals while understanding that environmental protection and preservation are intricately linked to their future economic development and viability.